Chemistry Technicians

ACADsGP Strategies Matrix
Lesson - Chapter - Objectives
Gap materials from RCNET & Academic PartnersTextbooks & Other Published MaterialsWeb - based
Resources
4.0 DISCIPLINE SPECIFIC CURRICULUM FOR CHEMISTRY TECHNICIANS
4.1 COMPUTERS (PLANT SPECIFIC) Explain the basic operation and application of computers
4.1.1 Explain the functions and capabilities of the plant computer
4.1.2 Explain and apply the functions and capabilities of Chemistry Department computers such as the trending of chemistry data
4.1.3 Operate chemistry software programs
4.1.4 Use the computer for trending chemistry data
4.2 SYSTEMS Perform specified functions on plant systems relative to the chemistry technician job.
4.2.1 Describe the effects of chemistry changes on each system and plant operation (plant specific)
4.2.2 Explain the purpose and location of major components and equipment (plant specific)
4.2.3 Identify chemicals added to the system (plant specific)
4.2.4 Explain the basic principles of operation for the system and major components and equipmentPPTPWR Systems

PPTBoiling Water Reactor System

PPTNuclear Plant Systems


DOCPrimary Systems
4.2.5 Identify chemistry limits and on-line monitoring requirements (plant specific)
4.2.6 Explain chemistry concerns associated with the system (plant specific)
4.2.7 Identify chemistry sampling points
4.2.7.1 auxiliary feedwater (PWR)PPTPWR Systems

DOCAuxiliary Feedwater System


PPTAuxiliary Feedwater System Powerpoint
4.2.7.2 borated refueling water storage tank (PWR)DOCPrimary Systems

PPTChemistry and Radcon
4.2.7.3 chemical and volume control (PWR)PPTChemistry and Radcon

PPTPWR Systems
4.2.7.4 circulating waterPPTPWR Systems

PPTBoiling Water Reactor System

PPTMain Circulating Water & Condensate Systems

4.2.7.5 condensatePPTPWR Systems

PPTBoiling Water Reactor System

PPTMain Circulating Water & Condensate Systems

PPTOverview of Nuclear Plant Systems

PPTCondensate and Feedwater Systems Instructor Notes
4.2.7.6 condensate polishersPPTChemistry and Radcon

PPTWater Treatment

PPTDOC Chemical and Oily Waste Water
4.2.7.7 condenser air removalPPTCooling Towers and Air Cooled /a>
4.2.7.8 containmentPPTPWR Systems

PPTBoiling Water Reactor System
4.2.7.9 control rod drivePPTPWR Systems

PPTBoiling Water Reactor System

DOCReactor Coolant System Instructor Notes
4.2.7.10 demineralized waterPPTChemistry and Radcon
4.2.7.11 emergency core coolingPPTPWR Systems
4.2.7.12 emergency diesel generatorsPPTPWR Systems
4.2.7.13 emergency powerPPTPWR Systems
4.2.7.14 feedwaterPPTPWR Systems

PPTBoiling Water Reactor System

PPTMain Circulating Water & Condensate Systems

PPTOverview of Nuclear Plant Systems s

PPTCondensate and Feedwater Systems Instructor Notes

PPTDigital Feedwater Control Systems

PDFDigital Feedwater Control Systems

PPTDigital Feedwater Control Systems
4.2.7.15 feedwater heaters and extraction drainsPPTExtraction Steam


PPTGaseous Radwaste

DOC Extraction Steam and Heater Drain Instructor Notes
4.2.7.16 high pressure coolant injection (BWR)PPTChemistry and Radcon
4.2.7.17 high pressure core spray (BWR)PPTBoiling Water Reactor System
4.2.7.18 low pressure core spray (BWR)PPTBoiling Water Reactor System
4.2.7.19 main generatorPPTNuclear Plant Systems
4.2.7.20 main steamPPTPWR Systems

PPTBoiling Water Reactor System

PPTPlant Status


PPTMain Steam System

PPTMain Steam Instructor Notes
4.2.7.21 main turbinePPTPWR Systems
4.2.7.22 offgas (BWR)PPTPWR Systems

PPTBoiling Water Reactor System
4.2.7.23 post accident samplingPPTOff-Normal and Emergency Response

PPTPost Accident Sampling
4.2.7.24 pressurizer (PWR)PPTPWR Systems

PPTOverview of Nuclear Plant Systems

PPTBoiling Water Reactor System
4.2.7.25 pressurizer relief (PWR)PPTPWR Systems
4.2.7.26 radiation monitoringPPTRadiological Environmental Monitoring Program

DOCRadiological Environmental Monitoring Programs

PPTPrimary Water Chemistry
4.2.7.27 reactor coolantPPTPlant Chemistry


PPTChemistry and Radcon

DOC Primary Systems


DOCReactor Coolant System Instructor Notes
4.2.7.28 reactor core isolation cooling (BWR)PPTBoiling Water Reactor System
4.2.7.29 reactor water cleanup (BWR)PPTPWR Systems
4.2.7.30 reactor water makeupPPTBoiling Water Reactor System
4.2.7.31 recirculation (BWR)PPTPWR Systems

PPTBoiling Water Reactor System
4.2.7.32 residual heat removal/shutdown coolingNS-08-7, 8
NS-04-6, 7  
4.2.7.33 safety injectionPPTPlant Status

PPTMain Steam System

PPTMain Steam Instructor Notes
4.2.7.34 safely injection accumulatorsPPTMain Steam System

PPTMain Steam Instructor Notes
4.2.7.35 standby liquid control (BWR)PPTNuclear Plant Systems
4.2.7.36 steam generator (PWR)PPTNuclear Plant Systems

PPTPWR Systems

PPTBoiling Water Reactor System
Plant Specific - included plant internship Training
• Auxiliary shutdown panel
• Auxiliary steam
• Chemical storage and handling
• Chilled water
• Communications
• Component cooling water
• Compressed gas/air
• Condensate storage and transfer
• Containment cooling
• Containment iodine removal
• Containment isolation
• Containment pressure relief
• Containment purge
• Containment spray
• Control rod drive hydraulics (BWR)
• Cranes/hoists/elevators
• Electrical distribution
• Electrohydraulic control oil
• Emergency service water
• Fire protection
• Floor and equipment drains
• Fuel handling equipment
• Fuel pool cooling
• Gaseous radwaste
• Generator cooling
• Generator exciter
• Generator hydrogen supply
• Hydrogen recombiner and purge
• Hydrogen seal oil
• Instrument air
• Isolated phase bus duct cooling
• Liquid radwaste
• Liquid and solid
• Lube oil purification systems
• Main turbine lube oil
• Mechanical/natural draft cooling towers
• Neutron instrumentation
• Penetration cooling
• Plant heating
• Plant ventilation
• Radwaste
• Reactor building closed cooling water (BWR)
• Reactor protection
• Reheat steam
• Safety relief (BWR)
• Seismic instrumentation
• Service air
• Service water
• Standby gas treatment (BWR)
• Station air
• Stator water cooling system
• Steam seal supply
• Steam generator blowdown recovery (PWR)
• Suppression pool (BWR)
• Suppression pool makeup
• Switchyard
• Turbine building closed cooling
• Vital batteries
• Waste gas decay (PWR)
• Waste treatments (oil, sanitary, water discharges and chemical)
• Water treatment
• Other systems unique to the specific plant
4.3 GENERAL TOOLS AND TEST EQUIPMENT (PLANT SPECIFIC) perform the specified tasks for general tools and test equipment.
4.3.1 Explain procedures to check out and return radioactively contaminated tools and test equipment
4.3.2 Identify tools and test equipment that may need specific controls before being taken into radiologically controlled environments
4.3.3 Identify power sources that may be connected to tools and test equipment
4.3.4 Explain requirements for instrument and test equipment calibration
4.3.5 Describe proper methods of protecting tools and test equipment including the following:
4.3.5.1 in a radiologically controlled area
4.3.5.2 in a confined space
4.3.5.3 when working from heights
4.3.5.4 when working near open systems
4.4 RADIATION DETECTION AND MEASUREMENT PRINCIPLES Discuss the basic theory of operation and the operating characteristics of detectors, including instrument efficiency, the factors that affect instrument efficiency, and the calculation of efficiency from given information, effects of background radiation, and differentiation between the operating characteristics of a radiation field survey instrument and a radioactive contamination survey instrument.
4.4.1 Explain the functions of an ion chamber, proportional counter and Geiger-Mueller counterPPTPortable Radiation Survey Instruments

DOCRadiation Detection Principles & Instruments

PPTLaboratory Instrumentation


PPTInstrumentation Review


DOCRadiaton Detection Principles and Instruments_Instructor Notes

DOCRadiation Detection and Measurement
Daniel A. Gollnick, Basic Radiation Protection Technology, 6th edition, ISBN: 0-916339-14-9, Pacific Radiation Corporation, Chapter 7, "Radiation Detectors"  
4.4.2 Draw and explain a gas filled detector six region curve, including gas amplificationPPTPortable Radiation Survey Instruments

DOCRadiation Detection Principles & Instruments
4.4.3 Explain the function of a scintillation (micro-r meters, liquid scintillation counters, zinc-sulfide alpha counters and probes), fission chamber and semiconductors (high-purity germanium, electronic dosimeters)PPTPortable Radiation Survey Instruments

DOCRadiation Detection Principles & Instruments

PPTRadiation Detection Principles & Instruments

PPTLaboratory Instrumentation


DOCRadiation Detection Principles & Instruments

PPTRad Measurements Instruments



DOCRadiaton Detection Principles and Instruments_Instructor Notes

DOCRadiation Detection and Measurement
Daniel A. Gollnick, Basic Radiation Protection Technology, 6th edition, ISBN: 0-916339-14-9, Pacific Radiation Corporation, Chapter 7, "Radiation Detectors"  
4.5 RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY INSTRUMENTS AND LABORATORY COUNTING EQUIPMENT describe the operating characteristics of radiological survey instruments and laboratory counting equipment, and perform specified tasks.
4.5.1 Explain operating characteristics for and demonstrate the ability to use radiological survey instruments applicable to chemistry techniciansPPTPortable Radiation Survey Instruments

DOCRadiation Detection and Measurement
4.5.2 Perform and describe operational checks on survey instruments: battery, zero, (content added: calibration), source, response, background.PPTPortable Radiation Survey Instruments

DOCRadiation Detection and Measurement
4.5.3 Identify conditions that might affect survey instrument response including geotropism, atmospheric pressure, high humidity, mixed radiation fields, noble gas atmospheres, extreme temperatures, off-scale reading, and radio frequency interference.DOCRadiation Detection Principles & Instruments

PPTRadiation Detection Principles & Instruments

PPTLaboratory Instrumentation


DOCRadiation Detection Principles & Instruments

PPTRad Measurements Instruments



DOCRadiaton Detection Principles and Instruments_Instructor Notes
4.5.4 Explain the operating characteristics and basic electrical circuitry of counting and spectroscopy equipment (such as proportional counters, liquid scintillation detectors, high-purity germanium, zinc sulfide detectors).PPTPortable Radiation Survey Instruments

PPTRadiation Detection Principles & Instruments

PPTLaboratory Instrumentation

DOCRadiation Detection Principles & Instruments

DOCRadiation Detection and Measurement
Daniel A. Gollnick, Basic Radiation Protection Technology, 6th edition, ISBN: 0-916339-14-9, Pacific Radiation Corporation, Chapter 7, "Radiation Detectors"  
4.5.5 Perform and describe operational checks for counting and spectroscopy equipment resolution, source, response and background.PPTRadiation Detection Principles & Instruments
4.5.6 Identify unusual conditions that might affect counting and spectroscopy equipment response such as high humidity, abnormal background, electronic noise, and extreme temperature.PPTRadiation Detection Principles & Instruments

PPTRad Measurements Instruments

DOCRadiaton Detection Principles and Instruments_Instructor Notes
4.5.7 Explain the operating characteristics and use of the following radiological survey and analysis instruments
4.5.7.1 alpha survey instrumentPPTPortable Radiation Survey Instruments

PPTPersonnel Monitoring
4.5.7.2 beta/gamma survey instrumentPPTPortable Radiation Survey Instruments

PPTRadiographic Testing


PPTPersonnel Monitoring
4.5.7.3 friskerPPTPortable Radiation Survey Instruments


PPTPersonnel Monitoring
4.5.7.4 gamma survey instrumentPPTPortable Radiation Survey Instruments
PPTRadiographic Testing


PPTPersonnel Monitoring
4.5.7.5 gross alpha counterPPTPortable Radiation Survey Instruments



PPTPersonnel Monitoring
4.5.7.6 gross alpha/beta counterPPTPortable Radiation Survey Instruments



PPTPersonnel Monitoring
4.5.7.7 gross gamma counterPPTPortable Radiation Survey Instruments



PPTPersonnel Monitoring
4.5.7.8 liquid scintillation counterPPTPortable Radiation Survey Instruments



PPTPersonnel Monitoring

DOCRadiation Detection Principles & Instruments
4.5.7.9 multichannel analyzer (gamma spectrometer)PPTPortable Radiation Survey Instruments


PPTPersonnel Monitoring
4.5.7.10 neutron survey instrumentPPTPortable Radiation Survey Instruments



PPTPersonnel Monitoring
4.5.7.11 proportional countersPPTPortable Radiation Survey Instruments

PPTRadiation Detection Principles & Instruments

PPTPersonnel Monitoring

PPTLaboratory Instrumentation
Daniel A. Gollnick, Basic Radiation Protection Technology, 6th edition, ISBN: 0-916339-14-9, Pacific Radiation Corporation, Chapter 7, "Radiation Detectors"  
4.5.7.12 smear counterPPTPortable Radiation Survey Instruments



PPTPersonnel Monitoring
4.6 CHEMISTRY ANALYTICAL EQUIPMENT
4.6.1 Explain the principles of operation of chemistry analytical equipmentPPTPortable Radiation Survey Instruments

PPTRadiation Detection Principles & Instruments

PPTPersonnel Monitoring
4..6.2 Identify the locations of the chemistry analytical equipment and associated components (plant specific)
4.6.3 Identify unusual conditions that might affect chemistry analytical equipment responsePPTPortable Radiation Survey Instruments

PPTRadiation Detection Principles & Instruments

PPTPersonnel Monitoring
4.6.4 Identify specific maintenance requirements for chemistry analytical equipment (plant specific)
4.6.5 Describe the operation and purpose of chemistry analytical equipment including the following:
4.6.5.2 analytical balancePPTChemistry Analytical Equipment
The Chemistry Hypermedia Project
(404 - No link avail)
4.6.5.3 conductivity bridge with flow cellPPTChemistry Analytical Equipment

PDFYSI Model 31A Conductance Bridge Instructions

PDFStandard Operating Procedure for Conductivity Bridge

PDFConductivity Theory and Practice

Electrical Conductivity Detector
4.6.5.4 dissolved oxygen monitorIC-08-1  
4.6.5.5 dissolved hydrogen monitorPDFDissolved Hydrogen Monitor DoD Report

PPTPrimary Water Chemistry
4.6.5.8 in-line hydrazine monitor (PWR)PPTPrimary Water Chemistry


PDFDissolved Oxygen and Hydrazine Monitoring on Power
4.6.5.9 inductively coupled plasma analyzerPPTChemistry Analytical Equipment University of Rhode Island How Does It Work? (ICP-MS)
4.6.5.10 in-line conductivity monitorPPTPrimary Water Chemistry
Franklyn W. Kirk, Instrumentation, ATP,2010, fifth edition, ch 26, s. 6, Electrochemical Analyzers, p. 273. ISBN: 978-0-8269-3430-7  
4.6.5.11 in-line sodium monitorPDFSodium Monitoring in Water Treatment Processes
PPTChemistry Analytical Equipment
4.6.5.12 ion selective electrodePPTChemistry Analytical Equipment Ion Selective Electrodes (ISE) (New Mexico State University)
4.6.5.18 microwave digestionPDFMicrowave Digestion

PDFSample Dissolution Techniques

PPTChemistry Analytical Equipment
How Does it Work; Mass Spectrometry of ions

Multicollector-Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer (MC-ICPMS)
4.7 SAMPLE COLLECTION EQUIPMENT (PLANT SPECIFIC)
4.7.1 Identify the types of equipment
4.7.2 Identify the locations of each type
4.7.3 Describe the applications of each type
4.7.4 Explain the principles of operation
4.7.5 Determine specific sample collection equipment to be included in chemistry technician training based on job requirements. The following are examples of sample collection equipment to consider for inclusion in the chemistry technician training program.
4.7.5.1 calibration sources and equipment
4.7.5.2 composite
4.7.5.3 corrosion products
4.7.5.4 gaseous
4.7.5.5 halide surface contamination
4.7.5.6 post-accident filter assembly
4.7.5.7 resin
The Chemistry Hypermedia Project: Analytical Balance
4.8 CALIBRATION SOURCES AND EQUIPMENT (PLANT SPECIFIC) Describe the equipment and procedures for calibration.
4.8.1 Discuss the equipment required to calibrate counting and spectroscopy equipment
4.8.2 Describe the precautions associated with calibration procedures
4.8.3 Identify the criteria for proper calibration of plant survey instruments and analytical equipment
4.8.4 Demonstrate the proper use of calibration procedures as required by specifications for each instrument or system
4.8.5 State the traceability requirements for calibration sources used in measuring radioactivity
4.8.6 Determine specific calibration sources:
4.8.6.1 certified alpha
4.8.6.2 standard alpha
4.8.6.3 certified gamma
4.8.6.4 standard gamma
4.8.6.5 certified beta
4.8.6.6 standard beta
4.8.6.7 noble gas standard
4.8.6.8 spiked charcoal cartridge gamma
4.9 RADIOACTIVITY AND RADIOACTIVE DECAY Explain and apply the theory of radioactivity and radioactive decay.
4.9.1 Identify the types of radioactive decay (alpha, beta, gamma, electron capture, internal conversion)PPTRadiographic Testing

PPTChemistry and Radcon


PPTRadioactive Decay
4.9.2 Use basic equations to describe each type of decayMA-05-1, 2, 3, 4 MA-06-1, 2, 3 MA-10- 2, 3  
4.9.3 Use exponential equations and appropriate graphs (linear and semi-log) to perform radioactive decay calculationsMA-05-1, 2, 3, 4 MA-06-1, 2, 3 MA-10- 2, 3  
4.9.4 Characterize alpha particles, beta particles, gamma rays and neutrons (for example, describe the physical properties of these types of radiation)IC-09- 1, 3, MS-03- 1, 2 NS-03- 3, 4 NS-08-1  PPTInteractions with Matter
4.9.5 Use basic equations to describe the process of neutron activation03-3, 4, 5,  
4.9.6 Identify specific isotopes of concern in power reactors during operation and following shutdown (such as H-3, N-16, Ar-41, Cr-51, Mn-54, Fe-55, Co-58, Co-60, Zn-65, Kr-85, Kr-88, Zr-95, Ag-110m, I-131-135, Xe-133-135, Cs-134, Cs-137 and transuranics)PPTAir Sampling

PPTTransuranic Waste Disposal
4.9.7 Discuss complex decay schemes such as natural decay chains, reactor-producted decay chains, and equilibrium isotopes (secular, transient, or no equilibrium).PPTRadioactive Decay
4.9.8 Identify and use radiological quantities and their units including activity (curies and becquerels, disintegrations per second, disintegrations per minute), exposure (roentgens), dose (rads and grays), and dose equivalent (rems and sieverts).PPTBiological Effects of Radiation

PPTDose Equivalent

PPTRadiographic Testing

PPTExternal Exposure Control
4.9.9 Identify, calculate and use the following significant dose terms:
4.9.9.1 deep dose equivalentPPTProtection Against Radiation

PPTExternal Exposure Control
4.9.9.2 eye (lens) dose equivalentPPTProtection Against Radiation

PPTExternal Exposure Control
4.9.9.3 shallow dose equivalentPPTProtection Against Radiation

PPTExternal Exposure Control
4.9.9.4 effective dose equivalent (using weighting factors)PPTProtection Against Radiation

PPTExternal Exposure Control
4.9.9.5 committed dose equivalent (using in vivo and in vitro measurements and intake retention fractions)PPTInternal Exposure Control

PPTProtection Against Radiation

PPTExternal Exposure Control
4.9.9.6 committed effective dose equivalent (using in vivo and in vitro measurements and intake retention fractions)PPTInternal Exposure Control

PPTProtection Against Radiation

PPTExternal Exposure Control
4.9.9.7 total effective dose equivalentPPTInternal Exposure Control

PPTProtection Against Radiation

PPTExternal Exposure Control
4.9.9.8 total organ dose equivalentPPTInternal Exposure Control

PPTProtection Against Radiation

PPTExternal Exposure Control
4.9.10 Equate radioactivity to dose rate through simple rules of thumb and associated calculation for various source geometries (6CEN, point source, line source, plan source)PPTInternal Exposure Control

PPTProtection Against Radiation

PPTExternal Exposure Control
4.10 SOURCES OF RADIATION Identify and quantify sources of radiation.
4.10.1 Identify and quantify these major sources of natural background radiation
4.10.1.1 cosmic radiationPPTBackground Radiation

PPTBiological Effects of Radiation
4.10.1.2 uraniumPPTBackground Radiation

PPTBiological Effects of Radiation
4.10.1.3 thorium decay chainsPPTBackground Radiation

PPTBiological Effects of Radiation
4.10.1.4 potassium 40PPTBackground Radiation

PPTBiological Effects of Radiation
4.10.1.5 radon gas (including daughter products)PPTBackground Radiation

PPTBiological Effects of Radiation
4.10.2 Identify and quantify the following man-made sources of background radiation, medical diagnostic X-rays, radio pharmaceuticals, consumer products (television, luminous dials), weapons tests, and air travel.PPTBackground Radiation

PPTBiological Effects of Radiation
4.10.3 Identify and quantify potential sources of exposure to the public from plant liquid and gaseous effluent releases, transportation of radioactive materials, and major accidents.PPTProtection Against Radiation
4.10.4 Identify and quantify major sources of radiation in the plant that contribute to worker exposures such as the following:
4.10.4.1 primary system piping and componentsPPTChemistry and Radcon

PPTALARA for Engineers
4.10.4.2 inside containment during power operationPPTChemistry and Radcon

PPTALARA for Engineers
4.10.4.3 primary system filters and demineralizersPPTChemistry and Radcon

PPTALARA for Engineers
4.10.4.4 radwaste process systemsPPTChemistry and Radcon

PPTALARA for Engineers
PPT Gaseous Radwaste
4.10.4.5 radiographyPPTRadiographic Testing
4.11 INTERACTIONS OF RADIATION WITH MATTER Explain various interactions of radiation with matter.
4.11.1 Define the terms excitation, ionization, secondary ionization, and specific ionization.PPTInteractions with Matter

PPTChemistry and Radcon

DOCRadiation Detection Principles & Instruments

PPTPortable Radiation Survey Instruments

PPTInstrumentation Review

DOCRadiation Detection Principles and Instruments Instructor Notes



Daniel A. Gollnick, Basic Radiation Protection Technology, 6th edition, ISBN: 0-916339-14-9, Pacific Radiation Corporation, Chapter 12, "Surveys, Calibration and Data Analysis"  
4.11.2 Describe the processes and characteristics of heavy charged particle (for example, alpha particles, protons) interaction with matter:
4.11.2.1 energy transfer by ionization and excitationPPTInteractions with Matter

DOCRadiation Detection Principles & Instruments
4.11.2.2 range-energy relationshipPPTInteractions with Matter

DOCRadiation Detection Principles & Instruments
4.11.2.3 range of alpha particles in air, water, and tissuePPTInteractions with Matter

DOCRadiation Detection Principles & Instruments
4.11.2.4 specific ionization as a function of distancePPTInteractions with Matter

DOCRadiation Detection Principles & Instruments
4.11.3 Describe the processes and characteristics of beta particle interactions with matter, range-energy relationship; energy transfer by ionization, excitation, and bremsstrahlung; irregular track due to scattering; bremsstrahlung production using high atomic number absorber; range of beta particles in air, water, and tissue density thickness. Define linear energy transfer and relative stopping for beta interactions..IC-09- 1, 3 MS-03- 3, 4 NS-03-3, 4  PPTInteractions with Matter

DOCRadiation Detection Principles & Instruments

DOCRadiation Detection Principles and Instruments Instructor Notes
4.11.4 Describe the processes and characteristics of gamma and x-ray interaction with matter, including exponential attenuation (as opposed to maximum range), interaction by Compton scattering, photoelectric effect, pair production, and effect of atomic number of absorber on attenuation. Define linear absorption coefficient and mass absorption coefficient for gamma interactions.NS-03- 2, 3, 5 NS-07-7, 8 IC-09- 1, 9, 11, 13 ES-02- 1  PPTInteractions with Matter
4.11.5 Define fast neutron, thermal neutron, cross-section, and barn and describe how neutron energy affects probability of interaction.PPTProtection Against Radiation

4.11.6 Describe the processes and characteristics of neutron interaction with matter, elastic scattering, inelastic scattering, absorption, neutron activation, fission, and (content added: charged particle emission).NS-01-1, 2, 5 NS-04-4, 5 NS-05-1, 2, 3, 4, 5 NS-06-5  PPTInteractions with Matter
4.11.7 Based on knowledge of interaction mechanics, select types of materials for shielding each type of radiation.PPT Radioactive Material Handling & Interpersonal Skills

PPTProtection Against Radiation

PPTChemistry and Radcon

PPTALARA for Engineers
4.11.8 Define buildup factor.PPT Interactions of Radiation with Matter
PDF Shielding and Buildup Factor
Definition from Nucleonica Wiki

Definition from University of Liverpool

Shielding of Gamma Radiation
4.11.9 Perform gamma and neutron shielding calculations using the following:
4.11.9.1 exponential shielding equationPPTProtection Against Radiation

PDF Shielding and Buildup Factor
4.11.9.2 half and tenth thickness valuesPPTProtection Against Radiation
4.11.9.3 empirically derived graphsPPTProtection Against RadiationH.J.Moe, Operational Health Physics Training, Argonne National Laboratory, Argon, Illinois, 1992, p.8-10  
4.11.10 Identify common shielding practices for beta particles (low Z number materials), neutrons (hydrogenous material) and gammas (high density, high Z number materials).PPTPlant Chemistry Control


PPTProtection Against Radiation

PPTChemistry and Radcon

PPTALARA for Engineers
4.11.11 Describe the phenomenon of sky shine and the means by which it can be minimized.PPTExternal Exposure Control
4.12 RADIOLOGICAL QUANTITIES AND UNITS (see Radioactivity and Radioactive Decay) Explain and apply the concepts related to radiological quantities and units.
4.12.1 Identify and use radiological quantities and their units:
4.12.1.1 activity (curie and Becquerel)PPTBackground Radiation

PPTBiological Effects of Radiation

PPTRadiographic Testing


PPTExternal Exposure Control
4.12.1.2 exposure (roentgen)PPTBiological Effects of Radiation

PPTRadiographic Testing

4.12.1.3 dose (rad and gray)PPTBiological Effects of Radiation

PPTRadiographic Testing


PPTExternal Exposure Control
4.12.1.4 dose equivalent (rem and sievert)PPTBiological Effects of Radiation

PPTRadiographic Testing


PPTExternal Exposure Control
4.12.2 Equate the radioactivity of sources to the gamma dose rate at specific distances using basic rules of thumb and calculationsPPTExposure Rate



PPTProtection Against Radiation

PPTBiological Effects of Radiation

PPTRadiographic Testing


PPTExternal Exposure Control
4.13 COUNTING STATISTICS Explain and apply the concepts related to counting statistics.
4.14 RADIOLOGICAL PROTECTION STANDARDS Discuss the historical development, purpose, and philosophy of radiation protection standards.
4.14.1 Discuss the historical development of radiological protection standards.PPTBiological Effects at the Cellular Level


DOCThe National Council on Radiation Protection & Measurements


DOCInternational Commission on Radiological Protection

DOCAmerican National Standards Institute

PPTRadiation Protection Standards & Guidelines

PPTRadiological Safety & Response


PPTThe Regulatory and Advisory Organizations
4.14.2 Explain the purpose of radiological protection standards and guidelines.PPTBiological Effects at the Cellular Level


DOCThe National Council on Radiation Protection & Measurements


DOCInternational Commission on Radiological Protection

DOCAmerican National Standards Institute

PPTRadiation Protection Standards & Guidelines

PPTRadiological Safety & Response


PPTThe Regulatory and Advisory Organizations
4.14.3 Identify the regulatory and advisory organizations that have cognizance in this area and describe the function of each:
4.14.3.1 International Commission on Radiation ProtectionDOCInternational Commission on Radiological Protection

PPTRadiological Safety & Response


PPTThe Regulatory and Advisory Organizations
4.14.3.2 National Council on Radiation Protection and MeasurementsDOCThe National Council on Radiation Protection & Measurements

PPTRadiological Safety & Response


PPTThe Regulatory and Advisory Organizations
4.14.3.3 International Commission on Radiation Units and MeasurementsDOCInternational Commission on Radiological Protection

PPTRadiological Safety & Response


PPTThe Regulatory and Advisory Organizations
4.14.3.4 International Atomic Energy AgencyDOC International Atomic Energy Agency


PPTRadiological Safety & Response


PPTThe Regulatory and Advisory Organizations
4.14.3.5 American National Standards InstituteDOCAmerican National Standards

PPTRadiological Safety & Response


PPTThe Regulatory and Advisory Organizations
4.14.3.6 Nuclear Regulatory CommissionDOCNuclear Regulatory Commission


PPTRadiological Safety & Response


PPTThe Regulatory and Advisory Organizations
4.14.3.7 Department of TransportationDOCDepartment of Transportation


PPTRadiological Safety & Response


PPTThe Regulatory and Advisory Organizations
4.14.3.8 Agreement stateDOCAgreement State


PPTRadiological Safety & Response


PPTThe Regulatory and Advisory Organizations

PPTRad Measurements Instruments


4.14.4 Discuss the philosophy of radiation protection limits, to include the prevention of nostochastic effects, minimization of stochastic effect, concept of acceptable risk or comparable risk, and concepts of cost versus benefit and ALARA.PPTContamination Control, Decontamination and Respiratory Protection



PPTRadiation Protection Standards & Guidelines

PPTRadiological Safety & Response


PPTThe Regulatory and Advisory Organizations

PPTALARA for Engineers

4.14.5 Define and discuss the interrelationship among the following: regulation, regulatory guide, NUREG, license condition, and technical specification.PPTPlant Status


PPTRadiation Protection Standards & Guidelines


PPTRadiological Safety & Response


PPTThe Regulatory and Advisory Organizations

PPTALARA for Engineers
4.14.6 Explain the principles and use the following standards:
4.14.6.1 10CFR 19--Notices, Instructions, and Reports to WorkersPPTALARA for Engineers

PPTRadiographic Testing


PPTKey Parts of 10 CFR for the Nuclear Industry


PPTProtection Against Radiation
PPT
4.14.6.2 10CFR 20--Standards for Protection Against RadiationPPTRadiographic Testing

PPTRadiation Protection Standards & Guidelines

PPTRadiological Safety & Response

PPT Protection Against Radiation
4.14.6.3 10CFR 21--Reporting of Defects and NoncompliancePPTKey Parts of 10 CFR for the Nuclear Industry

PPTRadiation Protection Standards & Guidelines

PPTRadiological Safety & Response
4.14.6.4 10CFR 34--Licenses for Radiography and Radiation Safety Requirements for Radiographic OperationsPPTRadiographic Testing

PPTRadiation Protection Standards & Guidelines

PPTRadiological Safety & Response
4.14.6.5 10CFR 50--Domestic Licensing of Production and Utilization FacilitiesPPTPlant Status


PPTKey Parts of 10 CFR for the Nuclear Industry

PPTRadiation Protection Standards & Guidelines

PPTRadiological Safety & Response
4.14.6.6 10CFR 61--Licensing Requirements for Land Disposal of Radwaste PPTTransuranic Waste Disposal

PPTRadiation Protection Standards & Guidelines
PPTRadiological Safety & Response
4.14.6.7 10CFR 71--Packaging and Transportation of Radioactive MaterialsPPTTransuranic Waste Disposal
PPTRadiation Protection Standards & Guidelines

PPTRadiological Safety & Response
U.S. NRC Part 71 Packaging and Transportation of Radioactive Material
4.14.6.8 regulatory guides applicable to power reactor radiological protection (such as RG 8.38, RG 8/13, RG 8/15)PPTRadiological Safety & Response
4.14.7 Describe the organization and content of the corporate and plant health physics manuals (plant specific).
4.15 RADIATION EXPOSURE CONTROL Explain and apply the following concepts related to radiation exposure control.
4.15.1 Explain the ALARA concept and how it is applied to the performance of radiological work at the plant (time, distance, shielding, engineering controls and source reduction)PPTALARA for Engineers

PPTContamination Control, Decontamination, Respiratory Protection


PPTRPTechnicianTrainingEngineeringControls.ppt

PPTProtection Against Radiation

4.15.2 Identify technical and administrative controls for the installation and removal of temporary shielding (plant specific)
4.15.3 Demonstrate proper survey techniques using appropriate instruments (plant specific)
4.16 RADIOACTIVE CONTAMINATION CONTROL Explain and apply the concepts related to radioactive contamination control.
4.16.1 Identify potential sources of radioactive contamination including work operations that can generate contaminationPPTContamination Control, Decontamination, Respiratory Protection

PPTContamination Control

DOCContamination Control_Lesson Plan

PPTRadiological Safety & Response
Daniel A. Gollnick, Basic Radiation Protection Technology, 6th edition, ISBN: 0-916339-11-4, Pacific Radiation Corporation, Chapter 12, "Surveys, Calibrations, and Data Analysis"  
4.16.2 Describe techniques for controlling the spread of contamination to personnel and equipment, including wearing protective clothing, packaging contaminated materials, using containment devices, controlling leaks from radioactive systems, and decontamination.PPTContamination Control, Decontamination, Respiratory Protection

PPTContamination Control

DOCContamination Control_Lesson Plan

PPTRadiological Safety & Response

PPTProtection Against Radiation
Daniel A. Gollnick, Basic Radiation Protection Technology, 6th edition, ISBN: 0-916339-11-4, Pacific Radiation Corporation, Chapter 12, "Surveys, Calibrations, and Data Analysis"  
4.16.3 Identify the isotopes of primary concern for airborne radioactivity at the plant such as H-3, Co-58, Co-60, CS-134, CS-137,. I-131PPTAir Sampling
4.16.4 Explain the characteristic difference between particulate, iodine, tritium and noble gases and how they affect the method of detecting and controlling airborne radioactivityPPTAir Sampling
4.16.5 Identify the main ventilation and filtration systems in the plant (plant specific)
4.16.6 Discuss the purpose of using a continuous air monitor and identify situations in which continuous air monitors should be usedPPTRadiological Environmental Monitoring Program
4.16.7 Describe controls that can be used to reduce exposure to airborne radioactivity, such as using filtered ventilation, decontaminating areas or equipment to eliminate the source of airborne radioactivity, using containment devices (such as tents, glove bags), repairing leaks in contaminated systems, performing work under water or keeping contaminated materials wet, and using a respirator (last resort).PPTRP Technician Training Engineering Controls

PPTRadiological Safety & Response


PPTAlara for Engineers
4.16.8 Discuss how eating, smoking and drinking in a contaminated area can result in internal exposuresPPTBiological Effects of Radiation

4.17 DECONTAMINATION Explain and apply the concepts related to decontamination.
4.17.1 Demonstrate proper procedures and techniques for personnel, equipment, clothing and area decontaminationPPTContamination Control, Decontamination, Respiratory Protection

PPTContamination Control

DOCContamination Control_Lesson Plan

PPTRadiological Safety & Response

PPTProtection Against Radiation
Daniel A. Gollnick, Basic Radiation Protection Technology, 6th edition, ISBN: 0-916339-11-4, Pacific Radiation Corporation, Chapter 12, "Surveys, Calibrations, and Data Analysis"  
4.17.2 Identify problems that might be encountered during decontamination effortsPPTContamination Control, Decontamination, Respiratory Protection

PPTContamination Control

DOCContamination Control_Lesson Plan

PPTRadiological Safety & Response

PPTProtection Against Radiation
Daniel A. Gollnick, Basic Radiation Protection Technology, 6th edition, ISBN: 0-916339-11-4, Pacific Radiation Corporation, Chapter 12, "Surveys, Calibrations, and Data Analysis"  
4.18 RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL CONTROL (PLANT SPECIFIC) Explain and apply the concepts related to radioactive material control.
4.18.1 Explain procedure controls and demonstrate the use of records for the control of effluent discharges
4.18.2 Explain how technical specification limits are used
4.18.3 Identify licensed radioactive sources that must be controlled
4.18.4 Describe station radioactive source control procedures
4.18.5 Describe station radioactive material storage procedures
4.18.6 Describe procedures and practices that minimize solid and liquid radioactive waste
4.19 RADIOLOGICAL INCIDENT EVALUATION AND CONTROL (PLANT SPECIFIC) Explain and apply the concepts related to incident evaluation and control.
4.19.1 Identify radiological conditions that might result from different incidents including incidents related to a degraded core
4.19.2 Identify (recognize) the potential for an incident from improper work practices
4.19.3 Identify (recognize) incidents that may be indicated by instrument responses and alarms
4.19.4 Describe immediate actions needed to control a radiological incident
4.20 WATER CHEMISTRY FUNDAMENTALS Explain and apply the concepts related to water chemistry fundamentals.
4.20.1 Explain the terms, units, definitions and basic concepts for the following topics:
4.20.1.1 atomic structure and nomenclatureNS-01-1, 2, 3, 4, 5  PPTPlant Chemistry Overview
4.20.1.2 acid-base reactionsCH-03- 2  
4.20.1.3 elements, compounds and ionsCH-01- 3 CH-04- 2  PPTPlant Chemistry Overview
4.20.1.4 Periodic Table of ElementsCH-04- 10, 11, 12, 13, 14  PPTPlant Chemistry Overview
4.20.1.5 salts, solutions and solubilityCH-02- 9 CH-03- 1, 2  
4.20.1.6 oxidation and reductionCH-06- 6. 7  
4.20.1.7 chemical equilibriumPPTPlant ChemistryChemistry Hypermedia Project Introduction to Equilibrium
(404 site not found)
4.20.1.8 valence and chemical combinationCH-02- 1  
4.20.1.9 units of measure used in chemistryCH-01-9  
4.20.1.9a parts per million (ppm), parts per billion (ppb) and parts per trillion PPTPPTChemistry Fundamentals
4.20.1.9b normalityPPTChemistry Fundamentals
4.20.1.9c molarityPPTChemistry Fundamentals
4.20.1.9d equivalentsPPTChemistry Fundamentals
4.20.1.9e Cc/kgPPTPlant Chemistry
4.20.1.9f weight percentPPTChemistry Fundamentals
4.20.1.10 effects of temperature and pressure on chemical reactionsHT- 01- 9  
4.20.1.11 mixtures and solutionsPPTChemistry Fundamentals

PPTPlant Chemistry Overview
4.20.1.12 properties of waterPPTChemistry Fundamentals

PPTPlant Chemistry Overview
4.20.1.12a conductivity (of water in �mhos/cm)PPTPlant Chemistry

PPTChemistry and Radcon
4.20.1.12b pHPPTPlant Chemistry

PPTPlant Chemistry Overview
4.20.1.12c densityPPTChemistry Fundamentals
4.20.1.13 types of impurities found in waterCH-04-1, 2, 14, 18  PPTPlant Chemistry Overview
4.20.1.13a dissolved gasesPPTPlant Chemistry

PPTChemistry and Radcon
4.20.1.13b scale-forming agentsPPTFundamentals of Corrosion
4.20.1.13c water hardness agentsPPTChemistry control

PPTChemistry and Radcon
4.20.1.13d dissolved saltsPPTChemistry control


PPTChemistry and Radcon
4.20.1.13e suspended matterPPTPlant Chemistry
4.20.1.13f colloidal and organic compoundsPPTPlant Chemistry

PPTChemistry and Radcon
4.20.1.14 sources of impurities (such as tube breaks in heat exchanges, chemical intrusions, foreign material)CH-05-5  PPTPlant Chemistry Overview
4.20.1.15 effects of impurities (such as heat transfer reduction, corrosion, resin fouling, increase in radiation levels, fuel damage)CH-04- 1 CH-05- 3, 5 CH-06- 1, 5, 14, 15  PPTCooling Towers and Air Cooled Condensers

PPTPlant Chemistry Overview
4.20.1.16 control/removal of impurities (such as ion exchange, evaporation, reverse osmosis, feed and bleed)CH-04-5, 7, 9, 10  PPTWater Treatment
4.20.1.17 water quality/purityCH-04- 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19  
4.20.1.18 grades of waterPPTWater GradesWater in the Laboratory A Tutorial
4.20.2 Write basic chemical formulasPPTChemistry Fundamentals

PPT target="_blank">Plant Chemistry

PPTChemistry and Radcon
4.20.3 Balance basic chemical equationsPPTChemistry FundamentalsChemistry Unit 2 Lessons
4.20.4 Calculate the weight of a compound to be dissolved in water to produce an elemental standard of a predetermined concentrationPPTChemistry FundamentalsNivaldo J. Tro, Principles of Chemistry ,Pearson, 2013, ch.3, sec. 7, Formula MAss and the Mole Concept for Compunds, p 91. ISBN-13:978-0-321-79997-5  
4.21 GENERAL LABORATORY PRACTICES Explain and apply the concepts related to sample collection equipment.
4.21.1 Identify types of general laboratory equipment
4.21.1.1 lab warePPTGeneral Laboratory PracticesMerriam Webster Visual Dictionary Online

The National Academy Press Working with Laboratory Equipment target="_blank">

Newton Basic Laboratory Equipment Guide
4.21.1.2 glasswarePPTGeneral Laboratory PracticesEducation Portal

Merriam Webster Visual Dictionary Online

Dartmouth Chemlab
4.21.1.3 balancesPPTGeneral Laboratory PracticesEducation Portal

Merriam Webster Visual Dictionary Online
4.21.1.4 heating apparatusPPTGeneral Laboratory PracticesEducation Portal

Merriam Webster Visual Dictionary Online

4.21.1.5 separation apparatusPPTGeneral Laboratory PracticesThe Chemistry Hypermedia Project - Separations
(404 Site not found)
4.21.1.6 hydrometers/viscometersPPTGeneral Laboratory PracticesFranklyn W. Kirk, Instrumentation, ATP,2010, fifth edition, ch 26, s. 6, Liquid Analyzers, p. 258. ISBN: 978-0-8269-3430-7  
4.21.1.7 pipettesPPTGeneral Laboratory PracticesMerriam Webster Visual Dictionary Online

Dartmouth Chemlab
4.21.1.8 titratorsPPTGeneral Laboratory PracticesChemistry Hypermedia Project - Titration (404 site not found)

Dartmouth Chemlab
4.21.1.9 dessicatorsPPTGeneral Laboratory PracticesCalifornia State University Dominguez Hills Proper Use of a Desiccator
4.21.2 Describe the function of each type of general laboratory equipmentPPTGeneral Laboratory PracticesWorking with Laboratory Equipment. The National Academies Press

Dartmouth Chemlab

4.21.3 Discuss the importance of and standards for the cleanliness of laboratory equipmentPDFGLP Good Laboratory Practice

PPTGeneral Laboratory Practices
Dartmouth Chemlab
4.21.4 Describe laboratory equipment cleaning methodsPDFGLP Good Laboratory Practice


PPTGeneral Laboratory Practices
4.21.5 Describe rules for laboratory safetyPDFGLP Good Laboratory Practice

PPT An Overview of Laboratory Safety

4.21.5.1 wearing eye protection and protective clothingPPT An Overview of Laboratory Safety
PDF Introduction to Medical Laboratory Technology
Selecting Personal Protective Clothing. Stanford University, Laboratory Chemical Safety Toolkit
4.21.5.2 handling acids and basesPDF Introduction to Medical Laboratory T

PPTGeneral Laboratory Practices
H.J.Moe, Operational Health Physics Training, Argonne National Laboratory, Argon, Illinois, 1992, p. 14-10, "Lapel Air Samplers"  
4.21.5.3 using compressed gasesPPTGeneral Laboratory PracticesGeneral Use SOP for Compressed Gases. Stanford University, Laboratory Chemical Safety Toolkit
4.21.5.4 storing chemicalsPPT An Overview of Laboratory Safety

PDFIntroduction to Medical Laboratory
Technology

4.21.5.5 fighting firesPDFIntroduction to Medical Laboratory Technology

PPTFire Detection & Protection Systemchnology
4.21.5.6 labeling chemicalsPPT An Overview of Laboratory Safety
4.21.5.7 using eyewashes and showersPPT An Overview of Laboratory Safety
4.21.6 Describe requirements and procedures related to chemical shelf-lifeChemicals: Shelf Lives (404 no site)

Department of Defense Shelf Life Program (404 no site)

GSA Shelf Life Management Program
4.22 WATER TREATMENT Explain and apply the concepts related to water treatment.
4.22.1 Explain the terms, units, definitions and basic concepts of the following processes
4.22.1.1 clarification (coagulation and flocculation)PPTPlant Chemistry

PPTWater Treatment
4.22.1.2 evaporationPPTPlant Chemistry

PPTChemistry and Radcon

PPTPlant Chemistry Overview

PPTWater Treatment
4.22.1.3 filtrationPPTFilters, Strainers, Snubbers, and Hangers

PPTPlant Chemistry

PPTWater Treatment
4.22.1.4 oil separation
PPTWater Treatment

DOCChemical and Oily Waste Water
4.22.1.5 reverse osmosisPPTWater Treatment
4.22.1.6 removal of gases from water (degassing)
PPTPlant Chemistry

PPTChemistry and Radcon

PPTWater Treatment
4.22.1.7 removal of organic material from waterPPTPlant Chemistry

PPTChemistry and Radcon

PPTWater Treatment
4.23 ION EXCHANGE (DEMINERALIZATION) Explain and apply the concepts related to ion exchange.
4.23.1 Explain ion exchange theoryCH-04-2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19  
4.23.2 Identify ion exchange resins (such as anion, cation, mixed bed)CH-04- 4  
4.23.3 Describe the ion exchange processCH-04- 2, 3, 5  
4.23.3.1 bed exhaustion indications (differential pressure, silica, breakthrough)CH-04- 8, 11, 15, 16, 17,  
4.23.3.2 bed regeneration (plant specific)
4.23.3.3 problems with calcium sulfate precipitation (plant specific)
4.23.3.4 problems with organic fouling (plant specific)
4.23.4 Discuss resin intrusion into the reactor/steam generator (plant specific)
4.23.5 Discuss resin degradation due to high temperature or freezing, including high differential pressure crushed beads, dry beadsCH-04- 16, 19  
4.24 WATER CHEMISTRY SPECIFICATIONS AND BASES (PLANT SPECIFIC) Explain and apply the concepts related to water chemistry specifications and the basis for each specification.
4.24.1 Explain the content and bases of the following documents as related to the job
4.24.1.1 vendor chemistry specifications
4.24.1.2 technical specifications
4.24.1.3 plant chemistry specifications
4.24.1.4 owners group specifications
4.24.1.5 other chemistry specifications
4.25 CORROSION AND CORROSION PROTECTION Explain and apply the concepts related to corrosion and corrosion prevention.
4.25.1 Describe the types and causes of corrosion
4.25.1.1 creviceCH-06-18, 19 MS-02-16  
4.25.1.2 dentingCH-06- 3, 18, 19  
4.25.1.3 flow acceleratedPPTEffects of Corrosion
4.25.1.4 galvanicCH-06- 17 MS-02- 16  
4.25.1.5 generalCH06- 1, 2, 3  
4.25.1.6 pittingCH06- 3, 18, 19  
4.25.1.7 stressCH-06- 3, 18, 19 MS-02-2, 3, 4, 5  
4.25.1.8 wastageDOCPrimary Systems
4.25.1.9 microbiological induced corrosionPPTPlant Chemistry

PPTProperties of Reactor Plant Materials
4.25.2 Identify the factors that affect the rates of corrosionPPTEffects of Corrosion
4.25.3 Describe corrosion control methods during operation (use of corrosion inhibitors, molar ratio and pH control)CH-06-1, 2, 3, 5, 12, 16, 17, 18, 19 MS-02-16, 17  PPTChemistry and Radcon
4.25.4 Describe corrosion control methods during shutdown (use of corrosion inhibitors, pH control, temperature and dry layup)PPTEffects of Corrosion

PPTChemistry and Radcon
4.25.5 Discuss the control of depositsPPTEffects of Corrosion

PPTChemistry and Radcon
4.25.6 Discuss the minimization of intergranular stress corrosion in BWRsPPTEffects of Corrosion
4.25.7 Discuss the control of living organisms (algae, zebra mussels and Asiatic clams)PPTPlant Chemistry

PPTCooling Towers and Air Cooled Condensers
PPT
4.25.8 Discuss the control of corrosive materials
4.25.9 Discuss layup protection for plant systems (plant specific)
4.25.10 Discuss the effect of component corrosion on out-of-core radiation levels such as Co-60 reduction and induced crud burst (forced oxidation)PPTEffects of Corrosion

PPTPlant Chemistry


PPTChemistry and Radcon
4.26 WATER CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES Explain and apply the concepts related to water chemistry techniques.
4.26.1 Perform the following wet chemistry techniques
4.26.1.1 titrationsNivaldo J. Tro, Principles of Chemistry ,Pearson, 2013, ch. 16, sec. 4, Titrations and pH curves, p 635.  Titration

Chemistry Hypermedia Project - Titration (404 no site)

4.26.1.2 chemical separationsPDF Separation Techniques


PPTWater Chemistry Techniques
Separation of Mixtures Using Different Techniques
4.26.1.3 distillation
PPTWater Chemistry Techniques
Distillation

Separation Techniques
4.26.1.4 carrier usePDFSample Dissolution Techniques


PDF Separation Techniques

PPTWater Chemistry Techniques
Gas Carrier
4.26.1.5 gravimetric determinations
PPTWater Chemistry Techniques
Chapter XV: Gravimetric Methods
4.26.1.6 ashing (plant specific)
4.26.1.7 fusingPDFSample Dissolution Techniques

PPTWater Chemistry Techniques
4.26.1.8 precipitationPDF Separation Techniques

PPTWater Chemistry Techniques
Nivaldo J. Tro, Principles of Chemistry ,Pearson, 2013, ch. 4, sec. 6, Precipitation Reactions, p 141.  
4.26.1.9 sample fixing (preservation)
PPTWater Chemistry Techniques
Sample Preservation
4.26.1.10 concentration techniques (for example, solvent extraction)
PDFSolvent Extraction

PPTWater Chemistry Techniques
4.26.1.11 preparation of standard solutionsPPTHow to Make Standard Solutions

PPTWater Chemistry Techniques
4.27 CHEMISTRY SAMPLING PROCEDURES (PLANT SPECIFIC) Explain and apply the concepts related to chemistry sampling procedures.
4.27.1 Review and discuss the following chemical sampling procedures
4.27.1.1 primary system sampling (PWR)
4.27.1.2 secondary system sampling (PWR)
4.27.1.3 condensate/feedwater sampling (BWR)
4.27.1.4 reactor water sampling (BWR)
4.27.1.5 auxiliary systems sampling
4.27.1.6 makeup water plant sampling
4.27.1.7 radwaste sampling
4.27.1.8 radioactive effluent sampling
4.27.1.9 post-accident sampling
4.27.2 Review and discuss the following as related to sampling procedures
4.27.2.1 radiological hazards
4.27.2.2 flushing of sample lines
4.27.2.3 flushing of sample containers
4.27.2.4 recirculation of tanks
4.27.2.5 protection of the sample from contamination
4.27.2.6 effect of changing sample flow on suspended solids and radioactive crud
4.27.2.7 identification of samples, including the recording of sampling data such as date, time and operational status of the system
4.27.3 Review and discuss the following as related to post-accident sampling procedures
4.27.3.1 radiation hazards associated with post-accident sampling
4.27.3.2 effects of safety injection on samples
4.27.3.3 storage of post-accident samples
4.27.3.4 recordkeeping associated with post-accident sampling
4.28 CHEMICAL ANALYSIS PROCEDURES (PLANT SPECIFIC) Explain and apply the concepts related to chemical analysis procedures.
4.28.1 Explain and perform the chemical analysis procedures for the following:
4.28.1.1 acid number of oil
4.28.1.2 alkalinity
4.28.1.3 aluminum
4.28.1.4 ammonia
4.28.1.5 biochemical oxygen demand
4.28.1.6 boron
4.28.1.7 calcium
4.28.1.8 chloride
4.28.1.9 chlorine
4.28.1.10 chromate
4.28.1.11 chromium
4.28.1.12 conductivity (cation and specific)
4.28.1.13 copper
4.28.1.14 dissolved oxygen in water
4.28.1.15 dissolved solids in water
4.28.1.16 fecal coliform
4.28.1.17 fluoride
4.28.1.18 hydrazine
4.28.1.19 hydrogen
4.28.1.20 hardness
4.28.1.21 iron
4.28.1.22 lithium
4.28.1.23 magnesium
4.28.1.24 neutralization number of oil
4.28.1.25 nickel4.28.1.25 nickel
4.28.1.26 nitrates
4.28.1.27 nitrites
4.28.1.28 oil in water
4.28.1.29 particle count in oil
4.28.1.30 pH
4.28.1.31 phosphate
4.28.1.32 potassium
4.28.1.33 resin
4.28.1.34 sediment in oil
4.28.1.35 silica
4.28.1.36 sludge (percent)
4.28.1.37 sodium
4.28.1.38 sodium hydroxide
4.28.1.39 specific gravity
4.28.1.40 sulfate
4.28.1.41 suspended solids in water
4.28.1.42 total organic carbon
4.28.1.43 trace organic acids
4.28.1.44 turbidity
4.28.1.45 viscosity
4.28.1.46 water in oil
4.29 RADIOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS PROCEDURES (PLANT SPECIFIC) Explain and apply the concepts related to radiochemical analysis procedures.
4.29.1 Explain and perform the radiochemical analysis procedures for the following:
4.29.1.1 gamma isotopic analysis
4.29.1.2 alpha measurement
4.29.1.3 E-bar calculation
4.29.1.4 gross beta-gamma measurement
4.29.1.5 iodine
4.29.1.6 radiochemical separations
4.29.1.7 tritium
4.29.2 Review and discuss the following as related to radiochemical sampling procedures
4.29.2.1 distance between the sample and the detector
4.29.2.2 effect of the background
4.29.2.3 effect of high count rates
4.29.2.4 separation of nuclides to be counted
4.29.2.5 establishment of homogeneous samples
4.29.2.6 effect of self-absorption and back-scatter
4.29.2.7 peak identification and analysis problems
4.30 QUALITY CONTROL PROGRAM Explain and apply the concepts related to the quality control program.
4.30.1 Describe the chemistry quality control program for laboratory and counting room analyses (plant specific)
4.30.2 Discuss commonly used quality control terms
4.30.2.1 accuracyPPTQuality Control Program

PDFAnalytic Chemistry Glossary

Glossary of QC Terms. Westgard.

Analytical Control Facility. US Fish and Wildlife Service

Analytical Chemistry 2.0 An Electronic Textbook for Introductory Courses in Analytical Chemistry

4.30.2.2 blankPPTQuality Control Program


PPTAnalytic Chemistry Glossary
Glossary of QC Terms. Westgard.

Analytical Control Facility. US Fish and Wildlife Service

Analytical Chemistry 2.0 An Electronic Textbook for Introductory Courses in Analytical Chemistry

4.30.2.3 calibrationPPTQuality Control Program

PPTAnalytic Chemistry Glossary
Glossary of QC Terms. Westgard.

Analytical Control Facility. US Fish and Wildlife Service

Analytical Chemistry 2.0 An Electronic Textbook for Introductory Courses in Analytical Chemistry

4.30.2.4 calibration checkPPTQuality Control ProgramGlossary of QC Terms. Westgard.

Analytical Control Facility. US Fish and Wildlife Service

Analytical Chemistry 2.0 An Electronic Textbook for Introductory Courses in Analytical Chemistry

4.30.2.5 calibration curvePPTQuality Control Program

PPTAnalytic Chemistry Glossary
Analytical Control Facility. US Fish and Wildlife Service

Analytical Chemistry 2.0 An Electronic Textbook for Introductory Courses in Analytical Chemistry

4.30.2.6 check sourcePPTQuality Control Program


PDFExample of Source Control in Construction Quality

Nuclear Medicine Instrumentation and Quality Control: A Review

Glossary of QC Terms. Westgard.

Defining the best quality-control systems by design and inspection

Analytical Chemistry 2.0 An Electronic Textbook for Introductory Courses in Analytical Chemistry

4.30.2.7 functional checkPPTQuality Control ProgramAnalytical Chemistry 2.0 An Electronic Textbook for Introductory Courses in Analytical Chemistry

Defining the best quality-control systems by design and inspection

Quality Control Basic Concepts
4.30.2.8 performance checkPPTQuality Control Program

PDF Guide to Quality in Analytical Chemistry
Analytical Chemistry 2.0 An Electronic Textbook for Introductory Courses in Analytical Chemistry

Glossary of QC Terms. Westgard.

Analytical Control Facility. US Fish and Wildlife Service

4.30.2.9 precisionPPTQuality Control Program

PPTAnalytic Chemistry Glossary
Analytical Chemistry 2.0 An Electronic Textbook for Introductory Courses in Analytical Chemistry

Glossary of QC Terms. Westgard.

Analytical Control Facility. US Fish and Wildlife Service

4.30.2.10 quality control chartPPTQuality Control Program

PPTAnalytic Chemistry Glossary
Quality Control Charts. University of Texas Arlington

Engineering Statistics Handbook: National Institute of Standards and Technology

Quality Control Charts Selected Topics in Assurance Related Technologies v.11 n.4

4.30.2.11 spiked sample (increase concentration above minimum detectable)PPTQuality Control Program

PPTAnalytic Chemistry Glossary
Analytical Chemistry 2.0 An Electronic Textbook for Introductory Courses in Analytical Chemistry(404 site not found)
4.30.2.12 standardPPTAnalytic Chemistry Glossary

PPTQuality Control: Get Your Instruments Under Control!
PPT Quality Control: Get Your Instruments Under Control!

PDFMake No Mistakes Errors Can Be Controlled
Analytical Chemistry 2.0 An Electronic Textbook for Introductory Courses in Analytical Chemistry (404 site not found)

Engineering Statistics Handbook: National Institute of Standards and Technology

4.30.3 Discuss the selection of appropriate analysis standards (choose calibration sourcePPTPlant Chemistry Control

PPTPlant Chemistry Overview
Analytical Chemistry 2.0 An Electronic Textbook for Introductory Courses in Analytical Chemistry (404 site not found)

4.30.4 Describe the preparation and use of known and spiked samplesPDFGuide to Quality in Analytical ChemistryAnalytical Chemistry 2.0 An Electronic Textbook for Introductory Courses in Analytical Chemistry (404 site not found)

The Proper Preparation and Use of Quality Control Samples
4.30.5 Discuss plant chemistry acceptance criteria for analytical data (plant specific)
4.30.6 Discuss the quality control program for chemistry on-line monitors (plant specific)
4.30.7 Discuss the appropriate response to conditions that are out of the acceptable limit (plant specific)
4.30.8 Use quality control charts for applicable analyses (plant specific)
4.30.9 Select appropriate analysis standards (plant specific)
4.30.10 Prepare and use known and spiked samples (plant specific)
4.31 CHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT CONDUCT OF OPERATIONS (PLANT SPECIFIC) Explain and apply the concepts related to the chemistry conduct of operations.
4.31.1 Review and describe the following Chemistry Department guidelines:
4.31.1.1 explain departmental administrative procedures
4.31.1.2 identify recordkeeping requirements
4.31.1.3 describe chemistry interpretation requirements
4.31.1.4 identify reporting requirements
4.31.1.5 describe methods of diagnosing chemistry data
4.31.1.6 explain the response to out-of-specification conditions
4.31.1.7 discuss indications of degraded core conditions
4.32 SPECIALIZED SKILLS (PLANT SPECIFIC) specialized skills.
4.32.1 Calibrate laboratory instruments such as:
4.32.1.1 atomic absorption spectrophotometer
4.32.1.2 direct current plasma spectrophotometer
4.32.1.3 ion chromatograph
4.32.1.4 multichannel analyzer
4.32.2 Review and interpret gamma spectroscopy data
4.32.3 Troubleshoot basic analytical instrument problems