Non-Licensed Operators

ACADsGP Stratagies Matris
Lesson - Chapter - Objectives
Gap Materials from RCNET & Academic PartnersTextbooks & Other Published Materials 
2.0 DISCIPLINE-SPECIFIC CURRICULUM FOR NON-LICENSED OPERATORS
2.1 Plant systems and Components Knowledge: Power Plant FundamentalsThis section provides the knowledge and skills necessary to operate and monitor systems and components for which the nonlicensed operator is responsible. Actual course/training content should consider personnel entry-level knowledge, skills and experience as well as job and task analysis results. Some systems and components would apply only to certain reactor types. Explain the principles and describe the components associated with various plant systems. (These topics build on the gneral system and component knowledge that is part of the Basic Systems Knowledge curriculum and focus on the in-depth knowledge required for the nonlicensed operator discipline.
2.1.1 Explain basic concepts related to accident analysis:
2.1.1.1 anticipated radiation levelsPPTIAEA Accident Analysis for Nuclear Power Plants

PPTI Accident Analysis
2.1.1.2 design basis accidentsPPTIAEA Accident Analysis for Nuclear Power Plants

PPTAccident Analysis
2.1.1.3 descriptionsPPTIAEA Accident Analysis for Nuclear Power Plants

PPTAccident Analysis
2.1.1.4 effect on workplacePPTIAEA Accident Analysis for Nuclear Power Plants

PPTAccident Analysis

2.1.1.5 evacuation criteriaPPTIAEA Accident Analysis for Nuclear Power Plants

PPTAccident Analysis

PPTReactor Regulating System
PPT
2.1.1.6 Final Safety Analysis ReportPPTIAEA Accident Analysis for Nuclear Power Plants

PPTI Accident Analysis
2.1.1.7 recovery process mitigationPPTIAEA Accident Analysis for Nuclear Power Plants

PPTI Accident Analysis
2.1.1.8 symptoms and indicationsPPTIAEA Accident Analysis for Nuclear Power Plants
PPTI Accident Analysis
2.1.1.9 safety limitsPPTIAEA Accident Analysis for Nuclear Power Plants

PPTAccident Analysis
2.1.2 Explain basic concepts related to transient prevention and mitigation of core damage and accident management, including the following:
2.1.2.1 core cooling mechanismsPPTPlant Status

PPTOff-Normal and Emergency Response
2.1.2.2 core damageIC-03-5
IC-04-3, 4, 5
IC-05-3  
2.1.2.3 hydrogen hazards during accidentsPPTPlant Chemistry

PPTOff-Normal and Emergency Response

DOC Radiological Hazards Associated with BWR

2.1.2.4 critical parameter monitoring during accident conditionsPPTPlant Status


PPTOff-Normal and Emergency Response

DOC Radiological Hazards Associated with BWR
2.1.2.5 radiation hazards and radiation monitor responsePPTPlant Status

PPTOff-Normal and Emergency Response
2.1.3 Perform basic calculations and apply concepts for the following:
2.1.3.1 conditions of equilibriumPH-06-1, 2  
2.1.3.2 conservation of energyPH-04-3
PH-06-3, 4  
2.1.3.3 factors that affect lubricationME-09-6, 9  
2.1.3.4 laws of motion, such as linear and rotationalPH-03-2, 3, 4, 6, 7
PH-04-3  
2.1.4 Explain lubrication principles associated with the following:
2.1.4.1 determination of oil levels and requirements, and addition of correct oil to plant components (plant specific)
2.1.4.2 environmental hazardsME-09-24  
2.1.4.3 factors that affect lubricationME-09-6, 9  
2.1.4.4 friction and wearME-09-2, 11, 12  
2.1.4.5 fluid lubricationME-09-2  
2.1.4.6 lubricant types and characteristicsME-09-3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 10  
2.1.4.7 purpose and necessityME-09-1  
2.1.4.8 storage and transferPPTLubricants storage and transportation
2.1.4.9 symptoms and problems associated with improper lubricationME-09-15, 16, 17, 21  
2.1.4.10 safety hazardsME-09-18  
2.1.5 Explain the principles associated with pumps and describe the following:
2.1.5.1 applications (series and parallel operation)ME-02-12, 13, 17, 18, 19  
2.1.5.2 components (impeller, bearings, seals, shafts, diffuser, volute)ME-02-3  
2.1.5.3 failure mechanisms and symptoms (such as excessive vibration, seizure, bad bearings)ME-02-6, 20  
2.1.5.4 impact of environmental conditions (dust, moisture)ME-02-20  
2.1.5.5 operating characteristics (centrifugal pump laws, net positive suction head, requirements of minimum flow and effect of dead-heading pump, pump starting duty causes, and indications of cavitation and how to prevent it)ME-02-2, 5, 6, 9, 11, 16  
2.1.5.6 types (centrifugal, positive displacement, such as reciprocating, gear type)ME-02-1, 2, 11,  
2.1.6 Explain the principles associated with manual valves and describe the following:
2.1.6.1 types (such as gate, globe, butterfly, ball, check, needle, diaphragm-operated, plug, pressure relief, safetyME-01-4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13  PPTValves

PPTPneumatic Control Valves
2.1.6.2 components (such as handle, stem, packing gland, valve disk, valve body, valve seat)ME-01-2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9  PPTValves

PPTPneumatic Control Valves
2.1.6.3 failure mechanisms and symptoms (such as thermal binding, leakage, difficult to operate)IC-03-5
IC-04-3, 4, 5
IC-05-3
ME-01-16, 17, 18, 19  
PPTValves
2.1.6.4 functions (such as isolation, throttling, relief, draining, venting)ME-01-1  PPTValves

PPTPneumatic Control Valves
2.1.6.5 operating characteristics (such as valve application)ME-01-1  PPTValves
2.1.6.6 position indication (such as local, remote, process parameters)ME-01-13, 14, 15
IC-06-6, 7  
2.1.7 Explain the principles associated with valve operators and describe the following:
2.1.7.1 types (pneumatic, hydraulic, motor, solenoid)IC-06-1, 2, 4, 5, 7  PPTValves

PPTPneumatic Control Valves
2.1.7.2 principles of operation for motor-operated valves, air-operated valves and hydraulic-operated valvesIC-06-1, 2, 4, 5, 7  PPTValves

PPTPneumatic Control Valves
2.1.7.3 failure mechanisms and symptoms (loss of power, air leaks, loss of hydraulics)IC-03-5
IC-04-3, 4, 5
IC-05-3  
2.1.7.4 manual operation (such as override or failure)IC-06- 7  
2.1.7.5 alignment for remote control and/or automatic operationIC-06-6, 7  
2.1.7.6 testingPPTValves

PPTPneumatic Control Valves
2.1.7.7 impact of environmental conditionsIC-06-1  
2.1.8 Explain the principles and describe the components associated with strainers & filters
2.1.8.1 purposeME-05-1, 2  
2.1.8.2 typesME-05-1, 4  
2.1.8.3 operationME-05-4  
2.1.9 Explain the principles associated with steam traps and describe the following:
2.1.9.1 purposeME-04-1, 2  
2.1.9.2 types (such as lever-operated, piston-operated and float-operated)ME-04-4  
2.1.9.3 principles of operationME-04-3  
2.1.10 Explain the principles associated with steam turbines and describe the following:
2.1.10.1 main components (such as shaft, turbine nozzles, bearings, control and stop valves)ME-10- 2, 3, 4  
2.1.10.2 classification according to steam flow (such as straight, reheat and extraction)ME-10- 7  
2.1.10.3 principles of operation (such as for impulse and reaction turbines)ME-10- 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8  
2.1.10.4 accessories/support systems (such as electrohydraulic controls, condensers, moisture separators, preheaters)ME-10- 8  PPTCooling Towers and Air Cooled Condensers

2.1.10.5 failure mechanisms and symptoms (such as overspeed, loss of condenser vacuum, high vibration)ME-10- 9  
2.1.11 Explain the principles associated with heat exchangers and describe the following:
2.1.11.1 purpose (such as heating, cooling, condensing, steam generators)ME-03- 2  PPTCooling Towers and Air Cooled Condensers
2.1.11.2 typesME-03- 1  
2.1.11.3 classification by flow (such as cross-flow, counter-flow and parallel flow)ME-03- 5  DOCFuel Pool Cooling and Cleanup System Instructor Notes

2.1.11.4 classification by heat transfer processME-03- 4  
2.1.11.5 major components (such as shell, tubes, relief valves, vacuum breakers)ME-03- 3  
2.1.11.6 principles of operationME-03- 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6  
2.1.11.7 failure mechanisms and symptoms (such as air binding, tube leaks, heat transfer reduction)ME-03-6  
2.1.12 Explain the principles associated with air compressors and describe the following:
2.1.12.1 types (such as rotary, reciprocating, centrifugal)ME-06-1, 2, 3, 4  
2.1.12.2 classificationsME-06-1, 2, 3, 4  
2.1.12.3 components (such as staging, relief valve, cooling water)ME-06-1, 2, 3, 4  
2.1.12.4 principles of operationME-06-1, 2, 3, 4  
2.1.12.5 failure mechanisms and symptoms (such as power loss, line ruptures, air pressure reduction, air operated component repositioning)ME-06-1, 2, 3, 4  
2.1.13 Explain the principles associated with diesel engines and describe the following:
2.1.13.1 principles of operation (such as internal combustion)ME-11-1, 3, 4, 5, 7  
2.1.13.2 main structural components (such as frame, block, pedestal, fuel distribution system)ME-11-1, 2  
2.1.13.3 main moving components (such as postons, cylinders, crankshaft, bearings, valves, control air, turbochargers)ME-11-1, 2  
2.1.13.4 accessories/support systems (such as air start, cooling water, lube oil, electrical, fuel oil distribution)ME-11-7  
2.1.13.5 failure mechanisms and symptoms (such as failure to start, failure to reach operating speed, failure to stop, rough idling)ME-11-8  
2.1.14 Explain the principles associated with electrical generation and distribution and describe the following:
2.1.14.1 switchgear, load centers, and motor control centers (such as protective tripping)ES-14-7, 8, 9  PPTSwitchgear & Motor Control Centers
2.1.14.2 switchyard equipment (such as equipment monitoring)PPTElectrical Distribution
2.1.14.3 transformers (such as types and configuration (for example, Delta-wye) step up/step down)ES-11-2, 13, 14, 15, 16  
2.1.14.4 motors and control circuits (such as startup and shutdown, protection devices)ES-12-1, 3, 5, 8, 10
ES-14-7, 8, 9  
PPTPlant Overview--Motors

DOCFire Protection System Water Protection Instructor
Notes


2.1.14.5 generators (such as operation and monitoring of diesel-driven, turbine-driven, motor-generators)ES-05-1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13
ME-11-1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9  
PPTEmergency Diesel Generator
2.1.14.6 impact of environmental conditionsIC-06-1  
2.1.15 Explain the principles associated with instrument and control and describe the following:
2.1.15.1 basic control circuits (such as proportional, integral, derivative and a combination of the three; saturation cutoff, steady-state error, limiters, effects of disturbances)ES-10-1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
IC-01-1, 3
IC-06-8, 9, 10, 11  
PPTReactor Regulating Systems

2.1.15.2 pneumatic devices (such as actuators)IC-06- 1, 2, 3  PPTReactor Regulating Systems
2.1.15.3 sensors (such as types of sensors, for example, pressure, flow, temperature)IC-01-2
IC-02-1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14
IC-03- 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8
IC-04-1
IC-05-1, 3, 4
IC-07- 1, 3  
PPTReactor Regulating Systems
2.1.15.4 hydraulic controls (such as actuators)IC-06- 1, 2  PPTReactor Regulating Systems
2.1.16 Explain the principles associated with refrigeration machines and with air conditioning, heating and ventilation and describe the following:
2.1.16.1 purposeME-07-1 ME-08-1  
2.1.16.2 basic equipment (such as chiller units, heating units, fans, blowers, filters, ductwork, blowout ducts)ME-07-2, 4, 6, 8
ME-08-2, 8  
2.1.16.3 principles of operation (such as basic refrigeration cycle)ME-07-2
ME-08-1, 5, 6, 10, 11
ME-12-2, 3  
2.1.16.4 main structural componentsME-07-2
ME-08-3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 12  
2.1.16.5 failure mechanisms and symptoms (such as loss of environmental control, loss of coolant charge, high- and low-pressure cutoffs, gas binding of cooling system)ME-07-5, 10, 11
ME-12-10, 11, 12  
2.1.17 Explain the principles and use of test equipment (plant specific)
2.1.17.1 principles of operation
2.1.17.2 type
2.1.17.3 failure mechanisms and symptoms
2.2 PLANT SYSTEMS AND COMPONENTS (plant specific) Identify the major systems, components, and equipment; state the purpose of each.
2.2.1 Explain the system flow paths (given a copy of the system piping and instrument drawing)
2.2.2 Explain system operations necessary to support implementation of emergency operating procedure actions outside the control room
2.2.3 Explain the basic principles of operation for the system and the major components and equipment
2.2.4 Describe instrumentation and controls, including symptoms of failure modes
2.2.5 Describe system automatic features
2.2.6 Identify normal and alarm values for significant monitored parameters
2.2.7 Identify the basic interrelationships with other plant systems
2.2.8 Describe system precautions and limitations
2.2.9 Identify any hazards associated with the system
2.2.10 Assist in diagnosing the cause of abnormal system conditions
2.2.11 Respond to abnormal system conditions
2.2.12 Explain the importance to plant safety
2.2.13 Identify conditions that preclude safe work in the vicinity of system components
2.2.14 Identify the impact of system operability on technical specifications
2.2.15 As applicable to the specific plant, identify the following systems, state the purpose of each and perform tasks related to the nonlicensed operator job
• Auxiliary feedwater (PWR)
• Auxiliary shutdown panel
• Auxiliary steam
• Borated refueling water storage tank (PWR)
• Chemical and volume control (PWR)
• Chemical storage and handling
• Chilled water
• Circulating water
• Communications
• Component cooling water
• Compressed gas/air
• Condensate
• Condensate polishers
• Condensate storage and transfer
• Condenser air removal
• Containment
• Containment cooling
• Containment isolation
• Containment iodine removal
• Containment pressure relief
• Containment purge
• Containment spray
• Control rod drive
• Control rod drive hydraulics (boiling water reactor) (BWR)
• Cranes/hoists/elevators
• Demineralized water
• Electrical distribution
• Electrohydraulic control oil
• Emergency core cooling
• Mergency diesel generators
• Emergency power
• Emergency service water
• Feedwater
• Feedwater heaters and extraction drains
• Fine motion control rods (ABWR)
• Fire protection
• Floor and equipment drains
• Fuel handling equipment
• Fuel pool cooling
• Gaseous radwaste
• Generator cooling
• Generator exciter
• Generator hydrogen supply
• High-pressure coolant injection (BWR)
• High-pressure core spray (BWR)
• Hydrogen recombiner and purge
• Hydrogen seal oil
• Instrument air
• Isolated phase bus duct cooling
• Liquid radwaste
• Low-pressure core spray (BWR)
• Lube oil purification systems
• Main generator
• Main steam
• Main turbine
• Main turbine lube oil
• Mechanical/natural draft cooling towers
• Neutron instrumentation
• Off-gas (BWR)
• Penetration cooling
• Plant heating
• Plant ventilation
• Post-accident sampling
• Pressurizer (PWR)
• Pressurizer relief (PWR)
• Radiation monitoring
• Radwaste: liquid and solid
• Reactor building closed cooling water (BWR)
• Reactor coolant
• Reactor core isolation cooling (BWR)
• Reactor internal pumps (ABWR)
• Reactor protection
• Reactor water cleanup (BWR)
• Reactor water makeup
• Recirculation (BWR)
• Reheat
• Residual heat removal/shutdown cooling
• Safety injection
• Safety injection accumulators
• Safety relief (BWR)
• Seismic instrumentation
• Service air
• Service water
• Standby gas treatment (BWR)
• Standby liquid control (BWR)
• Station air
• Stator water cooling system
• Steam generator (PWR)
• Steam generator blowdown recovery (PWR)
• Steam seal supply
• Suppression pool (BWR)
• Suppression pool makeup
• Switchyard
• Turbine building closed cooling
• Vital batteries
• Waste gas decay (PWR)
• Waste treatments (oil, sanitary, water discharges, and chemical)
• Water treatment
• Other systems unique to the plant





2.2.16 Draw a simple system diagramPPTElectrical Distribution


PPT Basic Print Reading

PPTElectrical Prints and Drawings

PPTPlant Status

PPTMechanical Print Reading

PPTMechanical Print Reading (2)

PPTOverview of Nuclear Plant Systems